Hemophilia

What happens when you hurt yourself? You bleed, but the bleeding stops after some time due to the formation of a clot. But some people are not that lucky and any injury they get can result in invariable bleeding which takes longer to cease.

A genetic disorder, hemophilia is caused by the mutation of a particular gene, leading to deficiency of factors required for blood clotting. If not managed properly, hemophilia can be life threatening. Though there is no cure for hemophilia, it can be managed with medications and taking extra precautions to avoid injury.

Managing hemophilia in kids is tough and can get challenging at times as children are more prone to get hurt. However, isolating your child to ward off an injury could be detrimental for his growth and well being. April 17 is World Hemophilia Day and we tell you how you can take care of your hemophiliac kid.

• Inculcate Love For Exercise
While you may not be keen on sending him to play alone with his friends, you sure can indulge him in some physical activity. Exercise is an interesting way to engage a hemophiliac child, where there is both fun and safety. Swimming can be a great option.

• Maintaining A Healthy Weight
Excessive weight can result in an increased risk of internal bleeding by putting extra stress on the body. If your child is overweight, he needs to lose weight and maintain it. Make sure he eats a healthy and balanced diet which improves his blood health.(Related Article: Yoga’s Big Benefits For Kids)

• Dental Care & Hygiene
We all know kids hate brushing their teeth. But if they are not careful they might hurt their gums causing them to bleed. A child’s gums are more likely to bleed if he is hemophiliac. That’s why routine checkups with the dentist are extremely important. Find a dentist who has worked with hemophiliacs before and knows how to handle them. (Related Article: How To Make Dental Health Fun For Kids)

• Baby Proof Your Home
Caring for your infant with hemophilia can be even more challenging, especially while they are learning to crawl and walk. Invest in good knee pads and use soft rubber mats to cover hard flooring. You can use soft carpets and rugs, too. Cushion furniture with sharp edges and put a gate across stairs to prevent falls.

• Treating Bleeds
If your child does get hurt, you should treat the bruise at once. Prolonged bleeding can make blood accumulate in joints which can erode the smooth surfaces and cause joint problems. Make a special first-aid kit for your child and keep it handy. Ask your doctor to teach you the basics of first aid in case of en emergency. (Related Article: Natural Remedies To Plug That Nosebleed)

• Know When To Call The Doctor
Certain injuries and bleeds may need medical attention. A swollen joint may indicate internal bleeding and should be brought to the notice of a doctor. Similarly, a head , neck, eye or back injury also require special attention. If you spot blood in your child’s urine or stools, call a doctor immediately.

For more interesting stories, visit our Health page. Read more about Diseases & Conditions here.

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With a Master’s degree in biochemistry from the University of Exeter,UK and a diploma in food science & quality control, Stephlina is intrigued with the intricacies of the human body. She shares a deep interest in human diseases and believes that popping pills is not the only solution to fight an ailment.