Sugar: While a sugar treat is hard to resist, the American Journal Of Clinical Nutrition states that processed sugars and other high glycemic index starches stimulate the body to trigger an immune response by releasing cytokines that can increase inflammation, which causes pain, redness and swelling.

Find yourself reaching for the sweet stuff more often? Check your diet. In a study that has appeared in the Journal of Clinical Investigation, researchers have cited that irregular eating patterns could trigger a brain enzyme called glucokinase, which in turn could increase your desire for glucose.

Glucokinase is involved in sensing the glucose levels in the liver and the pancreas. Lead researcher James Gardiner from Imperial College London states that the human brain relies heavily on glucose for energy, leading to a preference for glucose-rich foods. His team conducted a study on rats and discovered that the activity of glucokinase in the appetite-regulating center of the brain increased sharply, when the rats went hungry for 24 hours. As a result the rats consumed more glucose. When the glucokinase activity was decreased, they consumed less glucose.

Gardiner pointed out that this was the first time anyone had discovered a system in the brain that responds to a specific enzyme, rather than energy-intake in general. So when you plan your diet, spread your meals through the day to the control your appetite and sugar-cravings.

Source: IANS

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