When it comes to diabetes, there is a lot of information you hear from time to time, and often it can get difficult to understand what is true and what isn’t. While 29 million Americans are affected by diabetes, the fact is that 1 in 4 do not know that they suffer from it. 
November is #DiabetesAwarenessMonth and today we bust four common myths associated with diabetes.
1. Myth 1: Diabetes Is Not A Serious Health Concern
Fact: When you have diabetes, it means that the levels of blood glucose, or blood sugar, in your body are very high. As a result, it can lead to serious health complications such as kidney failure, vision problems, heart disease, problems in the bone and joints, neurological problems, infections in the feet, skin problems, oral complications and more. [2,3,4]
2. Myth 2: Eating Too Much Sugar Causes Diabetes
Fact: While eating too much sugar is not good for your overall health, it is not the reason that causes diabetes. In fact, diabetes is caused when there is some problem in your immune system, as a result of which your body is not able to produce insulin. Diabetes is also caused due to genetic and environmental factors. [5,6]
3. Myth 3: Diabetes Causes Infertility
Fact: If you have diabetes, in some cases you may have difficulty in becoming pregnant, especially if you also have any other health issues. However, diabetes does not specifically cause infertility.
In females who have diabetes, it can cause a disruption in the menstrual cycle, which can make becoming pregnant difficult as compared to those who do not have diabetes. In men, diabetes does not cause any problems with sperm quality or erectile dysfunction. [7,8]
4. Myth 4: Diabetes Symptoms Can Be Easily Spotted
Fact: It is not always possible to spot the symptoms of diabetes, as they can often be mistaken with some other health condition. Some of the most common ones being excessive tiredness, feeling thirsty all the time, an increase in appetite, difficulty in vision, sudden and unexplained weight loss, frequent need to urinate especially at night, wounds that take longer to heal and a feeling of numbness or tingling in the hands and feet.
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1. Diabetes Latest. Site http://www.cdc.gov/features/diabetesfactsheet/ (Accessed 3 Nov 2015)
2. Diabetes complications. Site https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/diabetescomplications.html (Accessed 3 Nov 2015)
3. Diabetes and oral health. Site http://www.nidcr.nih.gov/OralHealth/Topics/Diabetes/ (Accessed 3 Nov 2015)
4. Diabetes, heart diseases and stroke. Site http://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-topics/Diabetes/diabetes-heart-disease-stroke/Pages/index.aspx (Accessed 3 Nov 2015)
5. Causes of diabetes. Site http://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-topics/Diabetes/causes-diabetes/Pages/index.aspx (Accessed 3 Nov 2015)
6. What causes diabetes. Site https://www.health.ny.gov/diseases/conditions/diabetes/what_causes_diabetes.htm (Accessed 3 Nov 2015)
7. Fertility issues in women with diabetes. 1: Livshits A, Seidman DS. Fertility issues in women with diabetes. Womens Health (Lond Engl). 2009 Nov;5(6):701-7. doi: 10.2217/whe.09.47. Review. PubMed PMID: 19863473. (Accessed 3 Nov 2015)
8. Diabetes mellitus/male infertility. 1: Dinulovic D, Radonjic G. Diabetes mellitus/male infertility. Arch Androl. 1990;25(3):277-93. Review. PubMed PMID: 2285351. (Accessed 3 Nov 2015)