Can These Dietary Changes Prevent Prostate Cancer?

According to the American Cancer Society, cancer is the second leading cause of death in the U.S. and even though lung cancer is the leading cause of death in men, the most common type of cancer in men is prostate cancer.

The risk for this type of cancer increases with age and nearly 60 percent of all individuals with prostate cancer are diagnosed at the age of 65 or later.

Statistics show that nearly one in nine men can get diagnosed with prostate cancer. One in nine is a large percentage of the population, so, is there a way to prevent the onset of prostate cancer?

Lifestyle Habits to Support Prostate Health

The prostate is a relatively small gland that produces semen and is located in such a way that any issues with the gland can quickly affect the urinary system and sexual functioning. Hence, it becomes extremely important to try and support the health of this gland, maybe by following a healthy diet and lifestyle.

Tips to reduce the risk of prostate cancer

Before you start panicking about the health of your prostate, meet with your doctor to understand your personal risks, any symptoms you may be experiencing, routine tests you should be undergoing at a certain age and any dietary restrictions or suggestions you may need.

Here are some tips that may help reduce the risk of prostate cancer:

  • Lose weight and stay fit: Studies show that carrying excess weight can increase the risk of developing prostate cancer. Try incorporating activities like cycling, swimming or walking to add some variety to your workout routine, lose weight, build muscle and improve overall health.
  • Incorporate more folate: Try to increase your intake of folate by incorporating foods like leafy greens, beans and whole grains. Supplements are not recommended as they increase cancer risk.
  • Eat plant-based foods and fatsAnimal-based fats may increase the risk of cancer, so, it is recommended to use plant-based fats like olive oil, avocado oil, etc. You could also try swapping out frozen and pre-packaged fruits and vegetables with fresh produce for maximum benefits.
  • Avoid overcooking meats: Overcooking, charring or burning food while cooking, especially meats, could produce carcinogens. It is better to use lower temperatures and methods like steaming and boiling.
  • Add omega-3s: Fish like tuna, mackerel and salmon are a good source of omega-3 fatty acids, which may reduce the risk of prostate cancer.
  • Quit smoking: Individuals already diagnosed with prostate cancer have a higher risk of recurrence and of death if they are smokers. So, try to quit smoking to reduce this risk.
  • Drink up your coffee: Studies show that every three cups of coffee your drink can reduce the risk of cancer by 11 percent. Some even recommend drinking up to five cups a day, but it is better to discuss this with a doctor because too much caffeine can have adverse effects on your health too.
  • Include isoflavones: Foods like tofu, green tea, lentils and peanuts can provide isoflavones, which could reduce the risk of prostate cancer.
  • Red fruits and vegetables: Watermelons, tomatoes, pomegranates and other red foods might provide antioxidants that could lower the risk of cancer.

Though there is no miracle diet that can prevent prostate cancer, combining a healthy lifestyle and a balanced diet incorporating fresh produce and healthy fats could help reduce the potential risk of developing the disease.

The content of this Website is for informational purposes only, is general in nature and is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease, and does not constitute professional advice. The information on this Website should not be considered as complete and does not cover all diseases, ailments, physical conditions, or their treatment. You should consult with your physician before beginning any exercise, weight loss, or health care program and/or any of the beauty treatments.


Harvard Health Publishing. (n.d.). Prostate Health & Disease. Retrieved from

Kim, S., & Connor, E. (2018, September 21). 9 tips to prevent prostate cancer. Retrieved October 12, 2018, from Email&utm_medium=Email&utm_campaign=menshealth&utm_content=2018-10-11