You’ve entered the second trimester of your pregnancy and find yourself tired and moody due to the various hormonal changes. While you probably don’t look much different at nine weeks, you may be experiencing the various symptoms of the first trimester of pregnancy.
Watch out for signs of fatigue, morning sickness, mood swings, headaches, bloating and constipation. Though they may seem difficult to handle, remember that they will ease up in a few weeks as you head into the second trimester.
Your Baby’s Growth
Your baby is almost an inch long, nearly the size of an olive. The essential body parts (major organs, muscles and nerves) are now in place. It has a rapidly beating heart with four chambers. Though your baby is moving often, you can’t feel it yet.
- Body Size
Your baby’s size can reach up to 1 inch (25mm) this week, or about the size of an olive, and weighing 0.07 ounces or about 2gm.
- Head Characteristics
Your baby’s head becomes larger than its body and curves towards the chest. The facial features become more defined, and the hair follicles and dental buds begin to appear. While the brain grows, it begins to add the cerebellum—the part of the brain that coordinates the movements.
- Body Appearance
Your baby’s tiny hands and elbow joints begin to show. The primary sexual characteristics already exist, but the child’s sex cannot be determined yet.
- Internal Organs
Your baby now has all the major organs, muscles and nerves. Its reproductive organs are developing. The heart finishes its division into four chambers, consisting of two atria and two ventricles. The liver begins producing red blood cells that your baby’s heart will pump throughout the body.
What Happens Inside Your Body?
You may be troubled with fatigue, morning sickness, mood swings, bloating and constipation. Take extra rest now to rejuvenate yourself.
Some pregnant women experience headaches or migraines regularly. If they are accompanied with fever and vision problems, consult a doctor immediately. Avoid migraine triggers, such as stress, lack of sleep, chocolates, coffee and strong odors.
Pregnancy can cause the blood vessels in your nose to expand. The increase in blood supply could exert more pressure on the vessels, causing them to rupture more easily. Use a room humidifier to keep your nasal mucosa moisturized and healthy.
How Different Will You Look?
While others may not notice any difference, your clothes probably feel tight. During the first trimester, a woman usually gains from 5.5 to 6.5 pounds (2.5 to 3kg). About half of this is the weight of the baby and uterus. Your breasts may feel full, tight and swollen. Wear a sports bra or increase your bra size to get proper support.
Tips To Help You Get Through The Trimester
- Small, Frequent Meals: Opt for six small, healthy meals packed with fiber in a day. Eat pretzels or crackers that contain sodium bicarbonate when you wake up to curb nausea. Do not skip breakfast as it will exacerbate morning sickness.
- Extra Calcium: Add a few tablespoons of nonfat milk powder to your morning cereal to add extra calcium. Use nonfat milk instead of water to make soups.
- Ginger: Studies show that ginger is particularly good for nausea and morning sickness. Candied ginger, ginger snaps, ginger tea, ginger beer–choose anything you like to keep nausea at bay. Lemonade, watermelon or lemon also help.
- Take A Nap: As your body is adjusting to the rapid changes, sleep is the best remedy to re-energize your body. Schedule a nap every afternoon or go to bed an hour earlier.
- Be Careful Of Weird Cravings:While cravings are normal, if you find yourself craving artificial substances such as clay or laundry detergent, it could be a sign that you are iron (or another mineral) deficient.
- Take Time Out To Relax: Schedule time for meditation, prenatal yoga or warm baths to get rid of fatigue and muscle cramps.