Though new-age parents know the importance of car seats and baby proofing the house, how many acknowledge the significance of vaccinations to keep your children safe and healthy? According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, diseases such as Hib or Pneumococcus occurs in the first two years of your child’s life and diseases such as Hepatitis B and the Whooping cough (pertussis), are more serious when babies contract them at a younger age.

Vaccines support our immune system and help fend off infections before they attack us. Getting your baby vaccinated is the safest way to ensure protection from various life-threatening and other serious diseases.

Immunization Schedule: Baby Vaccinations 

Even though it may feel that the number of vaccinations to be given in the first year is too long, it is important you ensure your baby does not miss any. Here is a list of the vaccinations your baby will receive in the first year.

1. At Birth

  • BCG dose 1: provides immunity or protection against tuberculosis
  • Oral Polio Vaccine: provides protection against polio
  • Hep B dose 1: reduces the risk of Hepatitis B 

2. At 6 To 8 Weeks

  • DTaP/DTwP dose 1: to protect your child against diptheria, tetanus, pertussis, which is also known as whooping cough
  • Hib (Haemophilus influenza type B vaccine) dose 1: prevents serious infections caused by the Haemophilus influenzae bacteria such as meningitis, pneumonia, and epiglottitis
  • Rotavirus dose 1: to protect against rotavirus that leads to diarrhea and dehydration in infants
  • IPV (Injectible Polio Vaccine) dose 1
  • Hep B (Hepatitis B Vaccine) dose 2

3. At 10 To 16 Weeks

  • DTaP/DTwP Diptheria, Tetanus, Pertussis dose 2
  • HiB (Haemophilus Influenza type B vaccine) dose 2
  • Rotavirus dose 2
  • IPV (Injectible Polio Vaccine) dose 2

4. At 14 To 24 Weeks

  • DTaP/DTwP (Diptheria, Tetanus, Pertussis) dose 3
  • HiB (Haemophilus Influenza type B vaccine) dose 3
  • Rotavirus dose 3
  • IPV (Injectible Polio Vaccine) dose 3

5. At 6 Months

  • OPV (Oral Polio Vaccine) dose 1
  • Hep B (Hepatitis B Vaccine) dose 3

6. At 9 Months

  • OPV (Oral Polio Vaccine) dose 2
  • Measles dose 1
  • MMR dose 1: to provide protection against measles, mumps, and rubella

8. At 9 To 12 Months

  • Typhoid CV (Typhoid Conjugate Vaccine) dose 1
  • JE (Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine)–only given in endemic areas as dose

9. At 12 Months

  • Hep A (Hepatitis A vaccine) dose 1

Optional vaccines 

  • Influenza vaccine dose 1 to protect against the flu at 6 months
  • Influenza vaccine dose 2 at 7 months
  • PCV (Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine) to prevent against pneumonia and meningitis at 6 to 8 weeks
  • Optional vaccine–PCV dose 2 at 10 to 16 weeks
  • Optional vaccine–PCV dose 3 at 14 to 24 weeks

Speak to your doctor about any concerns you may have and to understand what vaccination will protect your baby against what condition. Sometimes, your doctor may suggest a combination of two vaccinations, make sure you have all the required information beforehand.

For more interesting stories, visit our Health page. Read more about Pregnancy & Babycare here.

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References

Center for Dieseases Control and Prevention 

A pregnancy & babycare writer as well as wellness believer, Debolina is always trying to bring in health and wellness into her family’s, especially her kids’, lives. With a Master’s degree in English literature, she has worked with several mothercare and babycare brands. In her free time, she helps with campaigns that work towards promoting the health and well-being of women and babies. Her experiences as a mother help her talk about busy modern-day parenting and its changing trends.