Hygiene Tips to Prevent Infections In and Around Your Home

Infections can occur at any given point and are often more prevalent when there are school-going children or the elderly at home. This happens because individuals in these age groups are more vulnerable to infections due to their developing and declining immune systems, respectively. Many infections can be, however, avoided by following certain hygiene practices inside and outside the house.

Hygiene Tips to Practice In and Around Your Home

Most common infections are caused by microbes like viruses, bacteria and parasites that can enter the body through the various orifices of the body. Experts who study the proliferation of microbes and infections believe that the best way to avoid infection and the spread of diseases is by blocking the growth and spread of these pathogens by following hygiene practices at home.

Personal hygiene practices:

  • Avoid direct contact with an infected person or items like kerchiefs or tissues they may have used.
  • Avoid sharing plates, spoons, water cups, etc., with infected persons.
  • Have a doctor look at animal bites and don’t leave any wound exposed.
  • Allow pimples and bruises to heal on their own and avoid tampering with the wounded skin.
  • Wash your hands thoroughly, frequently, after every restroom break, sneezing, coughing, stroking your pet or touching an infected person.
  • Keep your fingernails and toenails short and clean to avoid the accumulation of dirt and microbes; avoid biting your nails.
  • Always cover your cough and sneeze. Don’t forget to wash your hands after the fact.
  • Be up-to-date with your vaccinations.

Prevent infections from rodents and bug/insect bites:

  • Don’t allow water to stagnate in and around your house as the puddles can be breeding grounds for mosquitos and other insects.
  • Try not to be outdoors early in the morning and during dusk when mosquitos are most active.
  • Try to stay away from bushes and shrubs where ticks might thrive.
  • Apply safe, environmental protection agency (EPA)-approved insect/bug repellants.
  • Always keep trash cans covered to prevent rodents from entering and rummaging through the trash.
  • Fill out any holes or passages that could give rodents entry into your home.
  • Try to protect yourself, your family and pets from animal bites such as skunks, coyotes and raccoons that can spread rabies.

Infections can also be prevented by handling food products correctly:

  • Wash your hands with soap both before and after touching raw meat.
  • Don’t forget to wash vegetables, meat and seafood under running water before cooking and serving.
  • Don’t mix cooked and raw foods because uncooked meats can transport pathogens to cooked foods. Also, never use the same bowls, knives and cutting boards to work with raw meat and produce.
  • Always defrost food products, especially meats and seafood, only in the refrigerator or microwave to avoid the spread of microbes onto the kitchen counter and other surfaces.
  • Don’t eat undercooked meats. Cook different meats to the appropriate temperatures — ground meat at 160 degrees Fahrenheit, whole poultry at 180 degrees Fahrenheit and roasts at 145 degrees Fahrenheit to avoid infections.

By practicing these tips regularly, you may be able to stay healthy and curb the spread of infections in and around your home.

The content of this Website is for informational purposes only, is general in nature and is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease, and does not constitute professional advice. The information on this Website should not be considered as complete and does not cover all diseases, ailments, physical conditions, or their treatment. You should consult with your physician before beginning any exercise, weight loss, or health care program and/or any of the beauty treatments.


Harvard Health Publishing. (n.d.). How to prevent infections. Retrieved from https://www.health.harvard.edu/staying-healthy/how-to-prevent-infections