A study published in the journal Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science (IOVS) states that chronic or long-term hypertension can increase the risk of glaucoma.
Glaucoma, the second leading cause of blindness in the world, is a condition that occurs when too much pressure builds up inside the eye. This excess pressure pushes back the blood trying to enter the eye resulting in vision loss.
Author Bang Bui from the University of Melbourne in Australia said that hypertension might damage the blood vessels in the eye so that they cannot compensate for changes in blood flow when eye pressure increases. Research showed that raising blood pressure for a short period of time offered protection against elevated eye pressure but when blood pressure was raised for a long period of time, we did not get the same protection against eye pressure elevation.
This means that having high blood pressure for a long time compromises the eye’s capacity to cope with high eye pressure. Reducing high blood pressure is vital. Exercising daily and having a healthy diet is necessary to keep stress at bay and control blood pressure.